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Lesson 13

Lesson 13: Drug/Substance abuse and sexuality


  • Students understand the definition of drug and substance abuse including naming commonly abused
  • drugs in Ethiopia
  • Students understand drug abuse and its relationship to risk sexual behaviour taking among the youth
  • Students understand effects of drug and substance abuse and preventive measures to be taken in their
  • communities
  • Attitude
  • Demonstrate positive motivation to support and help youth already involved in drug and substance
  • abuse
  • Argue against sexual risk taking among drug and substance users
  • Demonstrate the negative influence of peer pressure in substance and drug abuse
  • Show motivation to conduct peer education on substance and drug abuse in their schools and
  • communities
  • Demonstrate assertive skills in saying firmly and politely to peers that you won’t be involved in
  • substance and drug abuse
  • Conduct role plays on consequences of drug and substance abuse in society
  • Demonstrate referral services and visit a facility that supports survivors of drug and substance abuse


On this Lesson student will be well informed about drug abuse and sexuality. Mainly deals with the
relationship of drug abuse and sexuality. This chapter starts the lesson with defining drugs and drug abuse
then proceeds to the relation, consequence towards sexuality. This chapter will help students to be well
informed on the consequence of drug abuse and protect themselves from resulting from drug abuse such as
HIV/AIDS, unsafe sex and so on.

Learning Resources

Teaching Methodologies

In this lesson the teachers and learners will use different active learning methods.

For examples:

  • Method 1
  • Method2
  • Method3
  • Method4

Delivery of this lesson will be done with minimum requirement that discussed in the following steps.

Discuss with students the previous chapter’s homework, what students had learnt

Warming Up (5 Min)
Make the students sing the song
I like chocolate, you like chocolate, we like chocolate, choco (3X)late;
I like pineapple, you like pineapple, we like pineapple, pine(3X)apple;
I like bubble gum, you like bubble gum, we like bubble gum, bubble(3X)gum”
and repeat as many as required.

2.Brainstorm session – Drugs; what are they? (10 minutes)

  • Students get insight what drugs are

Step 1. Write on the chalkboard the word DRUGS in big capitals.
Step 2. Ask students what drugs are and invite them to explain each other about defining drugs and
differences in drugs.
Step 3. Write during this brainstorm all relevant definitions and comments in key words down on the chalk
board blow the word DRUGS and close with referring students to the information provided in next
exercise on reading the presentation.

3.Presentation (30 minutes)


  • Students are introduced to the issue of drugs, drug use and abuse, addiction and the impact of drugs on sexual health, including HIV/AIDS
  • Students discuss drugs, particularly Chat and its impact on young people’s life

Ask students to read the presentation. It includes some discussion point which students should address together before going to the next slide.

The presentation includes the following topics:

  • Legal and illegal drugs
  • Use and abuse of drugs and addiction
  • The main types of drugs
  • Impact of drug abuse and addiction on someone’s life
  • Reasons for drug use
  • Drugs and its impact on sexual health including HIV/AIDS and pregnancy
  • Quitting drug use

Close this session with a short recapitulation on lessons learned.

4.Group work – It Is Better For Me To Avoid Drugs because… (30 minutes)


  • Students get insight in arguments why it is better for them to avoid drugs:
  • Students express their reasons why drug use is not a good life choice.

After studying the presentation and listening to the true stories, students are divided into four groups
to discuss various reasons not to use drugs.
Each student group creates and presents as a group a poster made together with the title “It Is Better
For Me To Avoid Drugs because……” written as creative and imaginative as possible, using felt-tipped
markers, pens, coloured pencils, or whatever writing material available.

5.Conclusion and home work (5 minutes)

End this session by reminding students of the material covered today. Ask them to conclude on the new
things they have learnt about drugs and the problems surrounding drugs. Ask them to start to read more
in newspapers and on internet websites that will be provided at the end of this session. Inform them about
what will happen in the next session.

Home work
Students can start to implement the activities they have planned for in this session. Ask the students to
find information regarding places people can request support when facing drug related problems. Let
them find organizations or institutions around them that are active in drug prevention programs. Students
can look for service centers that they may visit.



Created on By admin

Quiz for Lesson 13

Quiz for Lesson 13

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12.1. List legal and illegal drugs in our countries context.

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12.2. List down the main types of drugs which are common in our country.

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12.3. Explain the impact of drug abuse and addiction on someone’s life.

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12.4. What are the reasons that pupils exposed to drug use?

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12.5. List legal drugs and their impact on sexual health including HIV/AIDS and pregnancy.

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12.6. How you persuade your friends not to use drugs? Explain.

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12.7. Write down at least two messages regarding prevention of drug use that appeal to young people?

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12.8. Why drug use is not a good life choice for young people?

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12.9. What problems the students face as a drug addict person?

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